Thursday, 5.4.17

external image VTS05-01-17LN-master768.jpg

After looking closely at the image above (or at the full-size image), think about these three questions:

• What is going on in this picture?

• What do you see that makes you say that?

• What more can you find?

Wednesday, 5.3.17 [syntax]

Brother, continue to listen.

You say that you are sent to instruct us how to worship the Great Spirit agreeably to his mind; and, if we do not take hold of the religion which you white people teach, we shall be unhappy hereafter. You say that you are right and we are lost. How do we know this to be true?

~Chief Red Jacket, "Chief Red Jacket Rejects a Change of Religion"


1. The words you say are repeated several times in the sentence. What is the repetition's function?

2. The question at the end of the passage is a rhetorical question. What attitude towards the audience is expressed by the use of the rhetorical question?

Wednesday, 04.19.2017
"Pots rattled in the kitchen where Momma was frying corn cakes to go with vegetable soup for supper, and the homey sounds and scents cushioned me as I read of Jane Eyre in the cold English mansion of a colder English gentleman."
~Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings

1. What can the reader glean from the word cushioned? What is implied about Maya's life and Jane Eyre's life?

2. What is the difference between the cold of the English mansion and the cold of the English gentleman? What does Angelou's diction convey about her attitude toward Jane's life?

Monday, 04.17.2017
Reflection: what are you going to do to make it to the end? How will you finish your junior year well?

Monday, 03.20.2017
Budget Cuts and Schools
1. What do you think about this? Thoughts?
2. If your after school activities lost funding, what would you life be like?

Wednesday, 03.15.2017
"It occurs to her that she should record this flash of insight in her journal--otherwise she is sure to forget, for she is someone who is always learning and forgetting and obliged to learn again--but the act of recording requires that she remove her gloves, rummage through her bag for her pen and for the notebook itself. This is more than she is capable of doing."
~Carol Shields, The Stone Diaries

1. What is the purpose of the dashes in the first sentence?

2. A short sentence follows a much longer sentence in this passage. What effect does this have on the reader?

Write a short, emphatic sentence to follow the long sentence below:

It seems inevitable that the Internet, with all of its potential, will be ubiquitous in the future--for technology can both distract us and focus us, make our lives easier and clog our lives with a perplexing array of choices--but the effect it will have on the quality of our lives is still undetermined.

Monday, 03.06.2017

1. Do you think this is feasible to accomplish in the U.S.? Cary?
2. What could be problematic about Solar (freakin') Roadways?

Monday, 02.27.2017
Truth in Advertising...the Girl Scout Way

  • Honestly, what would happen if we all started telling the truth--friends, teachers, parents, advertisers--what would be the result?
  • Do you require honesty of yourself? Why or why not?

Wednesday, 02.22.2017

external image 20130930143510!The_Steerage_1907_Stieglitz_Corrected.jpg
*With a partner, answer the questions in the last paragraph on page 135.

Wednesday, 02.15.2017

"When the moment is ripe, only the fanatic can hatch a genuine mass movement. Without him the disaffection engendered by militant men of words remains undirected and can vent itself only in pointless and easily suppressed disorders. Without him the initiated reforms, even when drastic, leave the old way of life unchanged, and any change in government usually amounts to no more than a transfer of power from one set of men of action to another. Without him there can perhaps be no new beginning."
--Eric Hoffer, "The Fanatics"

1. This passage uses the phrase "without him" three times. What effect does this have on the overall impact of the passage?

2. How does the length of the last sentence affect the meaning of the passage?

Start with the following sentence:
Of all the instruments of modern technology, only the computer brings people closer together.

Now add two sentences which amplify the first sentence. Each of these sentences should begin with a prepositional phrase.

Wednesday, 02.08.17 - Journal Entry

1. Why do you think those people thought it was okay to take photos at/in/on/against the memorial?
2. Do you think the artist reacted appropriately? Do you think he was too harsh? What would you have done?

Wednesday, 02.01.17 - Journal Entry
1. What does "failure" mean to you? In other words, how would you define "failure"?
2. Watch video (from Business Insider)

Reflection Questions:
1. What do you think about Sara Blakely's definition? Does it change your approach to your biggest ambition?
2. Do you have a fear of failing? Of what? What about that failure makes you fearful?

Friday, 1.13.17
Selfie Statue in Sugar Land, TX
selfie statue.jpg

1) Why do you think this was worth making into a statue? (Consider what statues represent)
2) What does this say about our culture?

Thursday, 1.12.17
She was wearing her usual at-home vesture....It consisted mostly of a hoary midnight-blue Japanese kimono. She almost invariably wore it through the apartment during the day. With its many occultish-looking folds, it also served as the repository for the paraphernalia of a very heavy cigarette smoker and an amateur handyman; two oversized pockets had been added at the hips, and they usually contained two or three packs of cigarettes, several match folders, a screwdriver, a claw-end hammer, a Boy Scout knife that had once belonged to one of her sons, and an enamel faucet handle or two, plus an assortment of screws, nails, hinges, and ball-bearing casters--all of which tended to make Mrs. Glass chink faintly as she moved about in her large apartment.
-- J.D. Salinger, Franny and Zooey

1. What does the detail in this passage reveal about Mrs. Glass's character? In other words, how does the detail give you a picture of her looks and insight into her character?

2. How would the meaning of the fourth sentence (With its many...) be different without the detail that follows the semicolon?

Thursday, 1.5.17
Shug come over and she and Sofia hug.

Shug say, Girl, you look like a good time, you do.

That when I notice that Shug talk and act sometimes like a man. Men say stuff like that to women, Girl, you look like a good time. Women always talk bout hair and health. How many babies living or dead, or got teef. Not bout how some woman they hugging on look like a good time.

-- Alice Walker, The Color Purple

1. What is the tone of this passage: what attitude toward Shug, toward men, and toward women underlies the passage?

2. Walker repeats the phrase, look like a good time, three times in the passage. How does this use of repetition help create the tone of the passage?


Write a short paragraph about someone you know which, through the use of repetition, expresses a tone of admiration. Share your paragraph with a partner.

Tuesday, 1.3.17

  • Not only do the children suffer, but those who volunteer to be coaches and team moms and dads.
  • Last year when we beat Broughton we all stormed the field, it was one of the best moments in Cary football.
  • Difficult practices and down-to-the-wire games that push athletes to their limit give athletes an intense cardiovascular workout; this release of endorphins becomes almost addicting.
  • As well as breeding animals to obtain a preferred value in them. For example, breeding angus cows to be as heavy and meaty as possible to get the most meat from them.

Working with Milennials

Identify and reflect on a minimum of 2-3 points from the video that were interesting to you.
How do you find JOY in your life? How will you work to find JOY this year?

Wednesday, 12.21.16

What else should people say more often?

Monday, 12.19.16

How present do you believe parents need to be in their teenager's life? How can a parent find a balance between the right amount of presence and still give their teenager space to figure out his/her own life?

Thursday, 12.8.16

Death be not proud, though some have called thee
Mighty and dreadful, for thou art not so;
For those whom thou think'st thou dost overthrow
Die not, poor Death; nor yet canst thou kill me.
From rest and sleep, which but thy pictures be,
Much pleasure, then from thee much more must flow;

-- John Donne, "Death be not Proud"

1. What is the effect of opening the first sentence with the imperative mood of the verb to be?

2. In the first clause of the second sentence, the verb is understood: in the second clause of this sentence, the subject is understood. What verb is omitted? What subject is omitted? What effect does this have on the meaning of the lines?

Wednesday, 12.7.16

What's Going on in This Picture?

What is going on in this picture? • What do you see that makes you say that? • What more can you find?

external image VTS12-05-16LN-master768.jpg

Tuesday, 12.6.16

Make the following corrections: Using the right word, Comma (other), Subject-Verb Agreement, Comma (appositive), Capitalization [7]

There was no less then 28000 people killed on the island of Martinique when Mount Pelee a volcano erupted there in the Spring of 1902.

Make the following corrections: Comma (nonrestrictive phrase or clause), Comma (other), Using the right word, Deadwood/Wordiness, Adjective Form [9]

Jupiter which lays between Mars and Saturn is the most largest planet circling our sun but because Jupiter rotates each and every 10 hours it's day is the most shortest.

Monday, 12.5.16
Listen to the following spoken word piece, and then consider what classrooms/schools should really look like today.

"I Just Sued the School System"

Wednesday, 11.30.16

From the SKIMM:

Do you mind? The UK gov doesn’t. Yesterday, the gov passed a law that gives it the right to majorly snoop on its citizens. As in communications companies are now required to keep a database of every website, app, and messaging service customers use for a year. And police and intelligence officials will have access to it all. Edward Snowden — the NSA’s BFF — said this is “the most extreme surveillance” law ever. Supporters say the law will help fight terrorism. Critics say ‘ever heard of a thing called privacy?’ and that the database could be vulnerable to hacking. This also comes as companies like Apple and Twitter have been pushing back against the US gov when it comes to forking over user data. Hint: those same companies aren’t fans of this UK law. Gov’s so big because it’s full of secrets.

Where should the line be drawn? The government is worried about terrorism, and has the responsibility for protecting its citizens; however, most people feel entitled to their privacy. What's the solution? Although this is happening in the United Kingdom, do you foresee that this type of law is possible for the United States?

Tuesday, 11.29.16

Make the following corrections: Using the right word, Comma (other), Parentheses or Dashes [6]

It wood take about 200000 frowns and that's a large amount to create a permanent worry wrinkle on you're forehead.

Make the following corrections: Verb (tense); Subject-Verb Agreement; Comma (appositive) [3]

Chocolate contain phenylethylamine the same chemical the brain produces when people fell in love.

external image VTS11-28-16LN-master768.jpg

After looking closely at the image above (or at the full-size image), think about these three questions:
• What is going on in this picture?
• What do you see that makes you say that?
• What more can you find?

Monday, 11.28.16

external image VTS11-14-16LN-master768.jpg

After looking closely at the image above respond to these three questions:

  • What is going on in this picture?
  • What do you see that makes you say that?
  • What more can you find?

This week’s image comes from the article “South Koreans, Seeking New Zest for Life, Experience Their Own Funerals.” The original caption reads:

  • South Koreans during a mock funeral service in Seoul on Saturday. Such funerals have become popular in South Korea as a way to gain more appreciation for life.

In the article Choe Sang-Hun writes:

  • SEOUL, South Korea — Did you ever wonder what it would be like to be at your own funeral? Some South Koreans aren’t waiting to die to find out.
  • It’s become a trend in recent years to act out a mock funeral service as a way of better appreciating life.
  • The Hyowon Healing Center in Seoul runs one such program, with financial backing from a funeral service company. After an instructional lecture and video, participants are led into a dimly lit hall decorated with chrysanthemums, where they sit, often tearfully, beside caskets and write their last testaments. Then they put on burial shrouds and lie down in the coffins.

Jean Chung is the photographer.

Wednesday, 11.16.16

Listen to this conversation from Story Corps and respond to the following:

  • Whether it be politics or any other heated topic, how do you personally navigate a conversation with someone whose opinion is the opposite of yours?
  • Do you try to avoid the topic completely or tackle it head on?
  • Have you been in a situation where your relationship with someone else was threatened because you held opposing views?
  • In a country where we are appearing to be more and more divided, how can we overcome practically demonizing people who think differently than ourselves?

Thursday, 11.10.16


As I watched, the sun broke weakly through, brightened the rich red of the fawns, and kindled their white spots.

--E.B. White, "Twins," Poems and Sketches of E.B. White


1. What kind of flame does kindled imply? How does this verb suit the purpose of the sentence?

2. Would the sentence be strengthened or weakened by changing the sun broke weakly through to the sun burst through? Explain the effect this change would have on the use of the verb kindled.

List three action verbs that demonstrate the effects of sunlight.

Wednesday, 11.9.16

Friday, 11.4.16
Considering Gregory's piece "Shame", as well as the article you just read, is shame a necessary tool in teaching someone a lesson? Can shame be a positive, or is it always negative?

Thursday, 11.3.16


When I am too sad and too skinny to keep keeping, when I am a tiny thing against so many bricks, then it is I look at trees.

--Sandra Cisneros, The House on Mango Street


1. What kind of grammatical structure is repeated in this sentence? What is the effect of the repetition?

2. This is a periodic sentence, a sentence which delays the subject and verb to the end. What idea is emphasized by the end-focus in this sentence?


Write a periodic sentence about getting a bad grade on a test. Use Cisneros' sentence as a model.

Wednesday, 10.26.16

Do you believe meditation is a good practice for kids to engage in at school? Do you think you would benefit from it? Do you think it could help reduce the stress many students feel? What other positive effects could it cause?

Monday, 10.24.16
"Stop Doing These 8 Things for Your Teenager This School Year" response.

Thursday, 10.20.16


Doc awakened very slowly and clumsily like a fat man getting out of a swimming pool. His mind broke the surface and fell back several times.

-John Steinbeck, Cannery Row

1. What is the subject of the verb broke? What does this tell you about Doc's ability to control his thinking at this point in the story?

2. To what does surface refer? Remember that good writers often strive for complexity rather than simplicity.


List three active verbs that could be used to complete the sentence below.

He into the crowded auditorium.

Tuesday, 10.18.16

**[capitalization, comma splice, comma (appositive), spelling, comma (other)]

My Grandfather a world War II veteran heard president truman anounce that the United States had dropped the first atomic bomb on hiroshima Japan, three days later, a second a-bomb was dropped on nagasaki. [12]

Monday, 10.17.16

How important is kindness to you when dealing with others? Do you feel kids today lack empathy and kindness? If so, what is the cause of that? How do your peers show acts of kindness?

Friday, 10.14.2016

Of course so called "locker room talk" is harmful to women, but how is presenting this as an acceptable way for men to talk when women aren't around harmful to men too? Do you believe it's easier for women than men to speak out against this type of talk?

Thursday: TONE activities
NO warm-up Tuesday/Wednesday
Monday: Matthew the Hurricane

Friday, 10.7.16


It's true. If you want to buy a spring suit, the choice selection occurs in February: a bathing suit, March: back-to-school clothes, July: a fur coat, August. Did I tell you about the week I gave in to a mad-Mitty desire to buy a bathing suit in August?

The clerk, swathed in a long-sleeved woolen dress which made her look for the world like Teddy Snowcrop, was aghast. "Surely, you are putting me on," she said. "A bathing suit! In August!"

"That's right," I said firmly, "and I am not leaving this store until you show me one."

She shrugged helplessly. "But surely you are aware of the fact that we haven't had a bathing suit in stock since the first of June. Our--no offense--White Elephant sale was June third and we unload--rather, disposed of all our suits at that time."

--Erma Bombeck, At Wit's End


1. What is the attitude of the writer toward the subject matter?

2. What diction and details does Bombeck use to express this attitude? In other words, what diction and details create the tone of the passage?

Wednesday, 10.5.16
Diction and Syntax Analysis

In paragraph 1, the writer tells about his young son’s typical days while attending a private school. Paragraph 2 is a summary of paragraph 1. Read the two paragraphs and then answer the questions that follow.

Paragraph 1:
His days were rich in formal experience. Wearing overalls and an old sweater (the accepted uniform of the private seminary), he sallied forth at morn accompanied by a nurse or a parent and walked (or was pulled) two blocks to a corner where the school bus made a flag stop. This flashy vehicle was as punctual as death: seeing him waiting at the cold curb, it would sweep to a halt, open its mouth, suck the boy in, and spring away with an angry growl. It was a good deal like a train picking up a bag of mail. At school the scholar was worked on for six or seven hours by half a dozen teachers and a nurse, and was revived on orange juice in midmorning. In a cinder court he played games supervised by an athletic instructor, and in a cafeteria he ate lunch worked out by a dietitian .

Paragraph 2:
His days followed a set routine. He wore overalls and an old sweater, as everyone else did in his school. In the morning, a parent or nurse walked the two blocks with him to the corner where he met the school bus. The bus was always on time. During the six or seven hours of the school day, he had six teachers. The school also employed a nurse and a dietitian. Games were supervised. The children ate in the cafeteria. Orange juice was served during the morning session.

  1. What impressions of the school do you get from thinking of the clothing as an “accepted uniform” rather than as what “everyone else” wears?
  2. What do you learn about the boy’s attitude toward the school from the first paragraph which you do not learn from the second?
  3. In the first paragraph, what is the purpose of the words used in speaking of the bus? Quote some of the words and phrases used, and discuss the effect they have in creating images and ideas in the reader’s mind.
  4. The first paragraph tells that the boy was “worked half a dozen teachers and a nurse”. The second tells that “he had six teachers.” What difference does the change in wording make in your impression of the way the school staff regards the students?
  5. Why is it important to the general effect of the first paragraph to know that the games are supervised by an athletic instructor and that the meals are planned by a dietitian?

Monday, 10.3.2016

Snap, Inc. Introduces Spectacles, Sunglasses That Record and Upload Video Memories to SnapChat

SnapChat officially changed its name to Snap, Inc. as the company restyles itself from a one-[major] hit app company into a digital lifestyle brand. To mark the occasion, Snap, Inc. introduced Spectacles, fashion and tech-forward sunglasses that record 10-second clips, which can then be uploaded to SnapChat Memories via wifi. Following the Apple playbook, Snap, Inc. also designed a fashionable case that doubles as a charger. Spectacles will be available this Fall and will cost $130.

By pressing a small button on the side of the glasses, Spectacles capture video through a 115-degree lens, which better conveys someone's natural perspective and field of vision. Those on the other side of the lens, will know they're being recorded because of a halo-like light that surrounds the lens. Unlike smartphones, which record video in a rectangular format, video via Spectacles is circular, allowing the viewer to watch the content naturally, whether in portrait or landscape mode, the way the user "saw" it. Essentially, clips offer a playback experience that simulates your natural point of view.

Do you think that "wearable technology", like Spectacles, will take off? Would you be willing to pay $130 for a pair? Do you think your friends will be interested in watching your snap videos? What is the downside to this wearable technology?

Thursday, 9.29.2016


The impact of poetry is so hard and direct that for the moment there is no other sensation except that of the poem itself. What profound depths we visit then--how sudden and complete is our immersion! There is nothing there to catch hold of; nothing to stay us in our flight.... The poet is always our contemporary. Our being for the moment is centered and constricted, as in any violent shock of personal emotion.
--Virginia Woolf, "How Should One Read a Book?"


1. Woolf uses a variety of sentence types in this selection. Among them is the exclamatory sentence. Identify the exclamatory sentence and explain its effect.

2. Classify each sentence as to length: short, medium, or long. How is the meaning of the passage reinforced and clarified by sentence length?


Write a declarative sentence about AP classes. Then write an exclamatory sentence which amplifies or clarifies the declarative sentence.

Wednesday, 9.28.2016

KAHOOT on hyperbole and understatement

Tuesday, 9.27.16

On his deathbed, the philosopher socrates said "I am not an athenian [a resident of Athens Greece] nor a Greek but a Citizen of the World," nevertheless, Greek citizens accused him of corrupting the minds of young Athenians. [8]

Islam, a major world religion, is dominent in the middle east, it's followers are called muslims, and it's sacred book is the koran. [8]

Monday, 9.26.16

First Lady Michelle Obama wrapped George W. Bush in an adorable hug.
First Lady Michelle Obama wrapped George W. Bush in an adorable hug.

First Lady Michelle Obama wrapped George W. Bush in an adorable hug.

This image of Michelle Obama hugging George W. Bush at the opening of the National Museum of African American History and Culture was published this past Friday and people across the internet lost it (in a positive way). Why has this picture gotten so much attention? Why does it bring hope to people in our country? ELABORATE.

Wednesday, 9.21.16
Earnest Hemingway once said, "Write hard and clear about what hurts."

Although there is much speculation as to the verity of this story, it is said that Hemingway once won a bet saying he could write a story in under 10 words; he won the bet with this: "For sale: baby shoes. Never worn." This came to be the forerunner of what is known as "flash fiction" or "twitter fiction". Try your hand at it! You get 10 words. Go.

Tuesday, 9.20.16
**(capitalization, sentence frag, quotations, abbreviation, comma (other), end punc)

Mr smith's bonus question on our test was did president carter visit karen smith md? Before or after he toured the african american and the hispanic culture fairs. [18]

*(Capitalization, Sentence Fragment, Comma (other), Using the Right Word, Comma (appositive), semicolon)

I like the south better then the north, however if I had to travel east, I would go to new york city. The capitol of the united states from 1785-1790. [14]

Monday, 9.19.16
No warm-up today.

Friday, 9.16.16
GG test today; no warm-up.

Thursday, 9.15.16
No warm-up today.

Wednesday, 9.14.16
Respond to the following Fitzgerald quote:

“Beauty gets the best of it in this world.” Agree or disagree? Explain.

Tuesday, 9.13.16:

Write the incorrect sentence (below) in your journal. Use a different color pen to mark the corrections. After we've gone over the corrections, rewrite the entire sentence.

Comma splice, Comma (non-restrictive phrase or clause), non-standard language, spelling, capitalization, comma (appositive)

Crow indians native americans who now live in southeastern montana use to chew willow bark for headakes, willow bark contains salicylic acid which we call aspirin. (11)

Monday, 9.12.16
After viewing the CBS Eyeopener, and in consideration of the events marking the 15th anniversary of 9/11, do you feel that September 11th should be marked as an official national "holiday"? Why or why not?

Thursday, 9.8.16
Most men wear their belts low here, there being so many outstanding bellies, some big enough to have names of their own and be formally introduced. Those men don't suck them in or hide them in loose shirts; they let them hang free, they pat them, they stroke them as they stand around and talk. ~Garrison Keillor, "Home," Lake Wobegon Days

1. What is the usual meaning of outstanding? What is its meaning here? What does this pun reveal about the attitude of the author toward his subject?

2. Read the second sentence again. How would the level of formality change if we changed suck to pull and let them hang free to accept them?

Write a sentence or two describing an unattractive but beloved relative. In your description, use words that describe the unattractive features honestly yet reveal that you care about this person, that you accept and even admire him/her, complete with defects. Use Keillor's description as a model. Throw a pun in if you can think of one that works!

Wednesday, 9.7.16

After listening and watching the CBS Eyeopener, respond to one of the following:
A. Do you think the Zika virus is a serious enough threat that needs to be responded to in this way? (with air dropping of insecticides)

B. What is great about the way we handle political campaigns in this country? Not so great?

Tuesday, 9.6.16
Write the incorrect sentences (below) in your journal. Use a different color pen to mark the corrections. After we've gone over the corrections, rewrite the entire sentence.

When astronomer Galileo observed sunspots in 1610 church leaders were angry that he'd suggest the sun wasnt perfect today we no sunspots are just the sun's relatively cold areas. [4]

Head lice lay their eggs which are called nits in people's hair consequently, just hatched lice have a ready to eat food sorce in the blood just under their hosts' scalps. [7]

Friday, 9.2.16

  • What is Kapernick protesting?
  • Do you believe this is an effective way to protest the unequal treatment of people of color in the country? Why or why not?
  • Do you believe Kaepernick and the other players who join him in this silent protest will need to do more to truly bring about change? What more could he do?

Thursday, 9.1.16

According to an article on the Time website, "There are few brands more global, and more American, than Coca-Cola. Its red-and-white label and glass curves are a universal symbol, an American beachhead on every inhabited inch of the Earth. Like the sugary stuff or hate it, its advertising has long been about a certain ideal–the idea that people are many and one, united by simple things like a smile, a song, and a Coke." However, when the ad above was released during the Superbowl, there was a faction in the country that had a problem with it. As the Time article states, the ad, entitled "It's Beautiful" really "brought out America the Ugly, at least on some parts of the Internet." With people tweeting comments such as, "@CocaCola has America the Beautiful being sung in different languages in a #SuperBowl commerical? We speak ENGLISH here, IDIOTS" it was clear to see that not everyone felt the ad was a good representation of America.
  • Why would Coca Cola choose to have the lyrics of "America the Beautiful" sung in several different languages?
  • Do you feel the ad is an accurate representation of this country? Why or why not?
  • Do you think this ad of one of America's oldest brands warranted such controversy?
  • What message did the ad share besides, "buy a coke"?

Wednesday, 8.31.16



"Whenever he was so fortunate as to have near him a hare that had been kept too long, or a meat pie made with rancid butter, he gorged himself with such violence that his veins swelled, and the moisture broke out on his forehead."

~Thomas Babington Macaulay, "Samuel Johnson"


1. What effect does the detail (the spoiled hare, the rancid butter, the swollen veins, the sweaty forehead) have on the reader?

2. How would the meaning of the sentence be changed by ending it after himself?


Write a sentence describing someone with disgusting eating habits. It must be one, correct sentence; and it must contain at least three vivid details.

Tuesday, 8.30.16



"Art is the antidote that can call us back from the edge of numbness, restoring the ability to feel for another." ~Barbara Kingsolver


1. By using the word antidote, what does the author imply about the inability to feel for another?

2. If we changed the word antidote to gift, what effect would it have on the meaning of the sentence?